27 Jan 2021 may not be significant to anyone in particular but it was significant to at least one guy in Malaysia – Najib Razak. And that is because his 1MDB trial resumed on that specific date after a four-month pause.
However, we’re not gonna kepoh about his trial. What intrigued us more are the people who were allegedly involved in the 1MDB saga besides the main players of this saga.
And that’s because one minor player of this saga, Elliott Broidy, who tried to stop the 1MDB investigations in the US on behalf of Jho Low, was recently pardoned by former US president, Donald Trump. So, that made us wonder: what happened to the other entities – individuals and institutions – that were allegedly involved with 1MDB?
Seeing how we’re all stuck at home during the MCO, we decided to scour whatever information we could get on the internet (based on news sites la ok) to find out what happened to them. And when we say allegedly involved, we meant anyone who was accused of either money laundering, bribing, assisting in those two criminal acts or even those allegedly received 1MDB money.
Based on our findings, we’ve come up with four categories, starting with…
1. Case kaw-kaw settled dy (23 entities)
A. Govt recovered 1MDB money from 17 entities.
Based on our findings, most of the cases that are already settled involve the amount of money MACC wanna recover, which worth RM 256 million. Back in 2019, the anti-corruption agency came up with a list of 41 entities who allegedly received 1MDB funds and it aims to retrieve them back. You can read more here.
So, how much did MACC managed to recover so far? RM15.2 million from 17 entities like…
- Datuk Ibrahim Awang Ismail(RM100,000)
- Datuk Ismail Abd Muttalib (RM100,000)
- Datuk Hasan Malek (RM100,000)
- The late Datuk Abdul Manan Ismail (RM265,146.16)
- Bustari Yusof (RM3.68 million)
- Akademi Pemuda (RM428,500)
- Yayasan Permata (RM4.9 million)
- Yayasan Tun Hussein Onn (RM1.9 million)
- Yayasan Penyelidikan Transformasi (RM407,011.06)
- Yayasan Rahah (RM839,489.82)
- Parti Bersatu Sabah (RM1 million)
- UMNO Kelantan (RM32,962.87)
- Pahang MCA state liaison committee (RM835,258.19)
- Liberal Democratic Party Sabah (RM9,560.96)
- UMNO Sabah (RM254,112.24)
- Rayhar Travels (RM121,205)
- Naza Quest Auto Sdn Bhd (RM269,662)
Besides retrieving the 1MDB money…
B. MACC returned some money to four entities.
In some cases, the High Court wasn’t able to find the connections between the money seized by MACC to 1MDB. So, the High Court would instruct MACC to return the money back to the entities when this happens.
C. Two guys are free men (kinda).
As we mentioned in the intro, Elliot Broidy, Trump’s former fundraiser, tried to stop the US from investigating 1MDB. He pleaded guilty to his charges in October 2020 for violating the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) when he lobbied the govt on behalf of Jho Low but was pardoned by Trump. You can read more about him here.
Aside from him, former Goldman Sachs executive Andrea Vella’s case is also considered as settled. However, unlike Elliott, he wasn’t charged with being involved with 1MDB at all and he was simply assisting the US in investigating the scandal. Despite that, he was banned from the banking industry for a lifetime.
This is the first mention of Goldman Sachs in this article but if you remember the 1MDB saga, you’d probably know this won’t be the last time we’re mentioning the company.
2. Ongoing court cases (20 entities)
A. High Court’s decisions on 12 entities were challenged
When the High Court wasn’t able to find evidence that linked the money seized by MACC to 1MDB, it will instruct MACC to return the money. However, MACC has appealed against the High Court’s decision in some cases.
As of the time of writing, the only thing we know is that the court will hear MACC’s appeal in cases involving Wanita MCA, UMNO and Habib Jewels Sdn Bhd on 18 March 2021. However, other cases seem to be pending and they involve…
- Kasitah Gaddam: appeal is pending and his money is yet to be returned
- Binsabi Sdn Bhd: no date set as of now
- K&Z Enterprise Sdn Bhd: no date set as of now
- Hattatex Trading: no date set as of now
- Perano Sdn Bhd: no date set as of now
- UMNO Kedah: no date as of now
- UMNO Selangor: objected to the forfeiture (read: confiscation of its money) but no further news on this
In another separate case, UMNO Pahang contested against the forfeiture of RM2.48 million from them. This case will be heard on 18 March 2021.
Another guy, Mohd Sumalli Reduan tried doing the same thing too but he failed and there’s no further update on this. But this is not the only reason why MACC’s forfeiture is still pending.
B. The court is waiting for people to contest the forfeiture for three entities
Before coming up with a final decision, the court actually allows any third parties to provide reasons as to why the govt shouldn’t forfeit money seized by MACC.
Apparently, the court opened up this opportunity to Sim Sai Hoon but the last piece of news we found about her stated that her rep needed more time to reply to the prosecutor. We’re not sure how much time her rep needs considering how two years has passed since that particular news.
Besides that, the court also offered the same opportunity to Gerakan Gagasan Belia 1 Malaysia and UMNO Johor until 21 February 2020 and 7 April 2020 respectively. However, there is no update to any of these cases.
C. Five men still have ongoing trials as we speak
By now, you may already know that Najib was sentenced to 12 years of prison back in 2020 for all of his charges related to abuse of power, criminal breach of trust and money laundering but he appealed against the High Court’s decision. Besides that, he also has another court hearing regarding the forfeiture of his – along with 17 others, including Rosmah’s – seized items and, as we all know, these court cases are still ongoing as we speak.
Another ongoing court cases include former Goldman Sachs’ banker Roger Ng, whose court case in Malaysia was scheduled to resume on 25 January 2021 while his court case in the US would be on 8 March 2021.
Next on the list would be Tarek Obaid, the director of PetroSaudi, who was charged in Malaysia for money laundering involving RM1.24 billion. The govt was about to freeze RM1.4 billion from several entities including himself but the bid has been postponed to a later date due to new development to the 1MDB case.
Other individuals with pending court cases include:
- Tan Sri Shahrir Abdul Samad: trial yet to be heard
- Ahmad Maslan: court had only called in 10 witnesses to testify in his cases
3. Pending settlement (9 entities)
A. MACC has yet to return money to four entities
B. Five entities have yet to pay fines and return the 1MDB money
Let’s start this with the most shocking case – Riza Aziz‘s. He was previously had five charges of money laundering that were later dropped after Sessions Court judge Azman Ahmad decided to grant him a discharge not amounting to acquittal (basically he’s not entirely innocent of his charges la). He has yet to pay a compound fine reportedly amounting to RM500,000 on top of returning foreign assets worth RM465.3 million.
Next up would be Goldman Sachs, whose charges were dropped because the company opted to pay a settlement of RM15.8 million to the Malaysian govt. However, as of now, it seems like the board of directors are scouring for money (read: getting pay cuts) to pay that on top of other penalties in Hong Kong, Singapore and the UK.
Other pending settlements include…
- Timothy Leissner: return RM177 million and pay a settlement worth a whopping RM11.7 billion to several countries including Malaysia
- Nickie Lum Davis: pay a fine of RM40 million on top of forfeiting RM12 million
- Nazir Razak: a fine that he has yet to pay
4. Missing in action (7 people)
We can probably tell what’s on your mind when you see this header.
As it turns out, there are five other Malaysian fugitives besides Jho Low that are still wanted by the Malaysian govt. All of them were accused of money laundering. Here’s a quick guide on who they are:
- Jasmine Loo Ai Swan: accused of laundering a total of RM24 million to River Dee International SA (BVI), an account in British Virgin Islands. She’s sentenced to not more than 5 years of prison or fine of not more than RM5 million or both.
- Eric Tan Kim Loong: he gave a statement to MACC in 2015 claiming that he didn’t know who received the RM2.6 billion ‘donation’.
- Casey Tang Keng Chee: played a role in a misleading bank transfer of RM2.8 million to Jho Low’s account.
- Terrence Geh Chong Heng: played a role in transferring funds and investments from SRC International to Pacific Harbour fund.
- Nik Faisal Ariff Kamil: former CEO of SRC International, who allegedly approved the transfer of RM48 million to Jho Low’s account. He was last spotted in Hong Kong.
Aside from them, there’s another guy who seems pretty MIA as well. He’s former PetroSaudi’s director Patrick Mahony, who was charged for laundering RM1.24 billion but there wasn’t any news about what happened to him or even his whereabouts. #weird
Seeing how things are going at this rate…
It seems like the 1MDB saga is far from ending
Truth be told – these are just the tip of the iceberg. By now, you might realise some important people who are barely or not mentioned any of the categories above, including
Kak Mah Rosmah…
Ok la, there are actually two more entities – IPG Mediabrands Sdn Bhd and Pertubuhan Kebajikan Dakwah Islamiah Malaysia (Pekida) – which are not in our list above because there’s not much news on whether the govt has retrieved the 1MDB money from the aforementioned entities.
And as for Rosmah, we discovered that her charges are not related to 1MDB at all. This was clarified by her lawyer, Datuk Geethan Ram Vincent, who said:
“There was much speculation that the charges would be related to 1MDB but there were none.” – as quoted by The Edge Markets.
There are also more deets on the about the entities we mentioned above and you can see the full list here. In fact, there might be more entities involved in the 1MDB saga besides the 61 aforementioned entities.
At the time of writing, it seems like a lot is still yet to happen – from court cases to returning money to entities and even finding those who are still missing in action. But what we do know as of now is that Najib’s case would resume on 15 February 2021, where we might be able to know if he’s successful in his request to get Datuk Sri Gopal Sri Ram off the prosecutor team.
As for the other the pending cases and missing people, only time will tell how all this will end. In the meantime, we’re just gonna catch a real quick coffee break from all this.