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4 things Msians should know about the new rubbish separation rule

Ed’s note: this article was originally published 30th August 2015. This was supposed to take place in Sept 2015, but a grace period was given till June 1st 2016


This article is literally about trash, cause didja know that Malaysian households have to start separating their trash by September this year? Well, we sure didn’t (back in July when we first started writing this). we do now!

Compulsory for Malaysians to separate rubbish from next year The Malaysian Insider

Screencapped from The Malaysian Insider. Click to read!

Considering that September is less than a week away, it’s a pretty bad time to “suddenly” find out about it – especially if you’re not already in the habit of recycling.

So how do you even start?? How many trash cans will you need? Will you need different-colored plastic bags? Why is the govenment menyusahkan rakyat with this nonsense?

These were the questions that immediately came to our minds when we read the news, so we figure that all you house-owning people are asking the same questions as well. To clear the air, we got in touch with the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation (SWCorp), the government agency in charge of ensuring that all this goes according to plan, for answers.

Note, if you’re reading this in 2016, we’ve updated certain parts with new info

Here’s what they told us…


1. Only households in 8 states are required to separate their trash

Last November, the Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing, and Local Government announced that households in 8 states that have signed the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act will have to start separating their trash into recyclables and non-recyclables. Which 8 states? We’re glad you asked:

  • Kuala Lumpur (yes we know KL isn’t technically a state)
  • Putrajaya (we’re trying to simplify, okay)
  • Pahang
  • Johor
  • Melaka
  • Negri Sembilan
  • Perlis
  • Kedah

If you’re in any of the other 7 states and one Federal Territory (We’re looking at you, Labuan) that ISN’T on the list, don’t breathe that sigh of relief just yet as we’re pretty sure IF this scheme works out, it’ll be slowly adopted into a nationwide program. Slowly, but surely.

NSA earth day

BTW, this is the NSA (yes the spy guys)’s 2015 Earth Day mascot. Click to read more about him.

That being said, let’s move on to the burning question*: “HOW?”

*Burning questions are okay. Just don’t burn rubbish.


2. It’s not very complicated, but you’ll (probably) need to buy extra trash cans


Image from the Ministry of Wellbeing , Housing, and Local Government.

What you HAVE to do is to separate your trash into two major categories, which are:

  • Recyclable (Dry) Waste – These are wood-related products (which includes paper), glass, plastics, metals, and other recyclable materials.
  • Non-recyclable (Wet) Waste – mostly organic waste like food, soiled diapers, and “damp” material.

Unlike some countries like Germany, you won’t be required to have a specific-colored trash bag for each type of waste. SWCorp tells us (and recently confirmed on Facebook) that for now, the trash only has to be separated according to the categories and groups mentioned above. However, there IS a specific way for you to prepare your trash for collection. Here’s how it’ll work:

  • Recyclable waste is to be put NEXT to the rubbish bin. This will be collected once a week.
  • Wet waste is to be put into a plastic bag and placed IN the rubbish bin. This will be collected twice a week.
  • You can download the collection schedule here (Updated as of June 3rd 2016)
recycling categories

Handy-dandy reference chart.

That being said though, there’s actually a colored-bag system in place – it’s just not mandatory. So if you want to go the extra mile to help out the trash collectors (and the environment!), you can color-code the your recyclable trash like this:

  • Papers – Blue plastic bags
  • Plastics – White plastic bags
  • Glass/ceramic, metal/glass, leather, etc – Green bags

You can check the full list here under the “Types of waste” category.

If you can’t or don’t want to get different colored bags, you can just write the types of materials down on each bag using a marker 😀  #lifehack

Oh, and if you’re concerned about how unsightly your kitchen would look with so many trash cans, don’t worry! There are loads of ideas floating around on the interwebs ranging from the classy-fitted-hidden look to the no-frills DIY. Pintrest is your best friend in this regard  😉


Image from Pintrest.


3. If you don’t follow the guidelines, you’ll kena saman RM1k

saman lor

If you think that this rule is too authoritarian and decide to be a rubbish rebel by not separating your trash, do note that there will be consequences.

SWCorp tells us that households who don’t follow the trash separation guidelines will eventually be fined up to RM1,000 and face possible court action if they still leave their trash unseparated after the fine. We say “eventually” because they’ll be adopting a soft approach during the first few months, educating households on how to separate their trash and cultivating awareness on the importance of these practices.

“The purpose of these compounds is not to punish but it is for advocacy. We can only become a civilised society when we can manage our rubbish properly.” – Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Minister of Urban Wellbeing, as quoted by Free Malaysia Today

They’re so serious about this trash separation thing that SWCorp officers were sent to look through people’s trash to make sure they’re doing it, and answering questions along the way.

Image from New Straits Times Online.


MCMC just traced the leak of 50 million M'sian phone numbers back to... the MCMC

4. Guidelines are a lil’ different for those living in high-rise buildings


Rumah Sampah usually found in low-rise apartments. Image from

If you already live in an apartment or condo, you’d either be throwing your trash in a designated rubbish collection room on your floor, or (usually for low-rise apartments) in the collection bins on the ground floor. The separation guidelines are the same in terms of how you’d categorize the trash and the collection schedules, but there are slight differences in how you’d prepare the trash for collection.

SWCorp says that for high-rise units with designated rubbish collection rooms (Bilik Sampah) on each floor, residents will have to place dry waste (recyclable materials) by the SIDE of the bin while wet waste goes into the bin itself.

For units with a communal trash collection area (Rumah Sampah), individual collection bins will be provided at the Rumah Sampah for residents to place their trash accordingly.


I’m so confused. What if the item has both paper AND plastic?

This recycling thing is totally new for many of us, so we’re sure there’ll be a lotta confusion and questions. For instance, if you throw away a plastic container of food, it should be in the non-recyclable waste unless you get rid of the food and clean it first.

Anyhow, if you have any questions you can send a message or post on SWCorp’s Facebook page or call their hotline at 1-800-88-7472

So that’s it for the rulings and guidelines and all that official stuff. Now, let’s move to something a little less official, like:



“Why do we even need to separate our trash?”

The quick answer to this question lies in the first line of the Captain Planet theme song:

“Our world is in peril”

Serious. Based on a 2012 government study, the average Malaysian creates 800 grams of sampah a day – which doesn’t sound like much till you realize that it equates to 22,000 tonnes for the entire nation! That’s the combined weight of 15,000 Proton Exoras thrown away every single day! ← We originally said 15, but was corrected by Gabriel Leong. Thanks man!

While Malaysians (89% of ugaiz) are aware of recycling practices, only 10.5% are actively recycling. Worse, most of us are needlessly generating trash by bad habits such as asking for plastic bags for small or single items that we can easily carry by hand or in our pockets. It doesn’t sound like a big deal, but as the saying goes… “Sikit-sikit lama-lama menjadi bukit.”

In this case, a bukit of sampah!


A landfill in Penang. Image from Free Malaysia Today.

Our trash problem is getting so out of hand that landfills are reaching capacity faster than originally projected. For example, the Jeram landfill which services Selangor and KL was supposed to last till 2023 but is now expected to hit capacity this year. And the solution isn’t as simple as “Aiya, just open another landfill la!” because, aside from the costs, space and location is an issue so more of our forests will have to be sacrificed for a new one. After all, you can’t exactly have a mound of sampah right outside KLCC can you? And if you tie in the toxic leakage from the landfills into the soil, air, and our rivers, well… think about this the next time you ask for a plastic bag to hold ONE Snickers bar.


At the end of the day, it’s YOUR responsibility

The whole time we were writing this, a little devil voice whispered in our ears “This will not work, this will not work…” not because of the authorities, but because of the average Malaysian mindset. Call us judgmental, but we’ve seen our fair share of people throwing rubbish out of cars or simply just anywhere to not be entirely optimistic about the success rate of this ruling.

The first thing that came to mind is the fact that if we want to avoid not having our rubbish collected or getting fined, it’s always easy to, oh…. just dump it somewhere that’s not our property. Even better if got “Jangan buang sampah” sign, cause we’re all rebels at heart.

dilarang buang sampah

Screencapped from Go Green Malaysia’s Facebook page.

So while mandatory rules and the threat of fines may get Malaysians to play along, we have to depend on awareness and change of mindsets to ease up on our trash problem, especially with loose trash that many people have no trouble just throwing on the sidewalk.We recommend our previous article on some super easy ways you can start being more environmentally-friendly, rated by level of mafan-ness, so you can only pick the ones you’re comfortable with. And yes, we do walk the talk  🙂

Cilisos recycle

Separation bins at the CILISOS office.

So for ugaiz who live in the areas where it’s mandatory for you to separate your trash, we hope this article helped. For those of you who haven’t, try starting it regardless because as a great Captain once said…

captain planet

For you young ‘uns who don’t know Captain Planet, click this image to watch an episode on YouTube





  1. DavidLiou

    07/06/2016 at 2:34 pm

    Huh, they changed the colour code?
    I remember when I was a kid, the colour is:
    Blue – Paper,
    Brown – Glass,
    Orange – Tin, Metal, and Plastic
    and Green for dll.

  2. Pingback: 6 Things To Know About Separating Your Trash - Poskod Malaysia

  3. Clarence Sim

    03/09/2015 at 11:24 am

    If this is a national campaign, why is it being implemented mainly in BN-ruled states? I understand the Selangor which is surrounding KL and probably one of the biggest rubbish contributor is not included in the pilot.

    • Edward Lye

      18/09/2015 at 11:29 pm

      It is not a pilot. It has gone live. Have you read ACT672? Underneath it, by law most of us become slaves to the government.

  4. Edward Lye

    02/09/2015 at 5:06 am

    I haven’t received any flyers. No mass mailing from the postman either. They haven’t gotten the meter readers to distribute anything either.No officers came around{jobless, so mostly at home}. I couldn’t find anything on the internet. Have ugaiz read ACT672. I am puzzled about the 4 items inside:
    81. Search and seizure with warrant
    82. Search and seizure without warrant
    83. Access to computerized data {can seize your computer/laptop and you have to surrender passwords}
    84. Power to stop, search and seize vehicle
    BTW, have a quick quiz amongst yourselves: where would bin the following: half-eaten Styrofoam box of chicken rice{very important for those who hold functions}, diapers{contains BOTH organics and non-organics}, expired tinned food, batteries, CFL bulbs, incandescent bulbs, fluorescent tubes, plastic bag of groundnut shells{if you hold a wake, you will understand}, soap bar wrappers and tetrapaks{plastic and paper laminate}, brooms{plastic and wood}? I have trouble classifying things.

    • Uihua Cheah

      02/09/2015 at 4:47 pm

      Hi Edward Lye, I believe those subsections you mentioned are under Controlled Solid Waste so it probably won’t apply to any of us unless we happen to be manufacturing Uranium 😛

      In regards to the categorization, I think the trick is to separate what we can (like emptying out the expired tinned food into organic waste and putting the (clean!) tin into dry waste. I kinda figure the third category states “other recyclables” is to account for stuff like styrofoam

      Tetrapak cartons are tricky because not all centers can separate the layers so you might want to put them all together except for the cap which goes into plastics, so it’s easier for the recycling people to sort it out – but if you wanna go the extra mile you can also drop them off at a Tetrapak collection centre (

      Bulbs and batteries are toxic so generally the easier method is to sell or give it to the old newspaper guy or charity recycling centres.

      Hope it helps!

    • Edward Lye

      02/09/2015 at 6:31 pm

      Thanks for the reply.

      “In Accordance With Act 672
      Of The Solid Waste Management And Public Cleansing Act 2007, The Concept
      Has Been Implemented In Several States – Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya,
      Kuantan, Johor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Perlis And Kedah – From
      September 2014

      In his statement today, Rahman also said that the
      National Solid Waste Management Department will launch campaigns,
      awareness programmes and education nationwide. The government will also
      ensure that solid waste management facilities and operation centres are
      upgraded to ensure the success of this new initiative.”

      This is from

      Controlled waste laws have been out a long time ago and is not limited to solids. They cover used engine oil and paint cans amongst other things. I know this because I change my own engine oil and the local Shell station was willing to take the used oil . Don’t you think controlled wastes should cover ALL states instead of a select number?

      You should find ACT672 and check it out. If you are not scared then you haven’t read it yet. I don’t know why the Agung allowed this to become law.

    • Uihua Cheah

      04/10/2015 at 6:56 pm

      @edwardlye:disqus: According to our lawyer friends, the provisions in Act 672 that you’ve pointed out are pretty standard and nothing to worry about 🙂

    • Edward Lye

      04/09/2015 at 5:35 am

      Done some more research and the quick survival guide looks like this: The
      green bin with 2 wheels provided by Alam Flora are meant for kitchen
      waste, uneaten food, diapers, wet tissues and maybe dog poo and will be
      collected TWICE a week. One day per week, NEATLY placed BESIDE the green
      bin, according to the posted signboard, a special truck will come along
      to collect the following – no transparent bag needed, no colour coded
      bag needed, no need to label – 3 bags of (clean dry paper), (plastic),
      (everything else – paint cans, light bulbs, glass, metal, insecticide
      cans, tins, kitchen utensils, pottery, clothes, bags, shoes, torch
      batteries, electronics, electrical, aerosol cans, poison, PRO-GARD fuel
      injector cleaner, mother-in-law{just kidding}) and beside these 3 bags
      in NEAT PILES comes bulk items (furniture, fridge, cabinet, bed) and
      (flowers, leaves, palm fronds, branches, tree trunks) with only one not
      to be collected EXCEPTION – – – used cooking oil. For the nitty-gritty,
      can be here or there like semi-soiled pizza boxes, please bombard the
      SWCorp website/hotline, capture the screen and post it back here.

    • Uihua Cheah

      18/09/2015 at 1:38 pm

      Hi @edwardlye:disqus, sorry for the late reply.

      Out of shared curiosity, I checked the provisions of Act 672 that you’ve pointed out with some of our lawyer friends. Will provide an update soon (or an article if it’s a big enough concern)

  5. lilblackdog

    01/09/2015 at 11:28 am

    We already practice separating our trash in our household. I actually thought it was already implemented way before 1st Sept as our neighbourhood had already received pamphlets regarding this. Somehow when I put my recyclable items beside my trash can on that designated day, it always gets cleared away by someone else before the actual rubbish truck comes….. puzzling.

    • Uihua Cheah

      01/09/2015 at 12:11 pm

      I think I might have the solution: It’s the scrap collectors (don’t actually know what they’re called) whom you might see riding around on bicycles with a mountain of cardboard and other recyclables.

    • Edward Lye

      23/06/2016 at 11:29 pm

      The correct term is ragpckers.

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