Animals Health International Law

Haiz, is KILLING dogs the only way to stop rabies in Malaysia? [UPDATE]

UPDATE: Penang will start a month-long vaccination of 10,000 dogs (including strays) from today, 16 Oct. The federal government and the Worldwide Veterinary Service (WVS) sponsored 5,000 doses of vaccine each.

The big news these past few days, aside from the haze, is RABIES.

Penang, Perlis and Kedah have been declared outbreak zones and now, even Sarawak is on high alert, although other states are safe for the moment. That was after people got bitten by dogs in the 3 states. GOOD news is, no one died and none show symptoms of infection either. BAD news is, 10 out those 39 dogs tested positive for rabies. Worse still, Bernama reports that the figure might be HIGHER after the Veterinary Services Department tested more dogs.

According to authorities, the rabies likely came from Thailand since the outbreak is concentrated in the 3 northern states. Plus, Thailand has the THIRD-highest rate of human rabies in the world.

With all this going on, the states have begun culling stray dogs to contain rabies – a move that’s unpopular with animal lovers. (BTW, ‘culling’ means to selectively slaughter.) But despite coming under heavy fire from NGOs, Penang’s Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng said he’s willing to lose votes to keep people safe. Animal lover or not, you gotta admit that’s an admirable statement. Before we go on, we need to tell you about the seriousness of the rabies disease…

It has NO DIAGNOSIS and NO CURE!

Rabies is a VIRAL disease that targets the brain and nervous system in humans and other warm-blooded animals. LiveScience even wrote that it’s one of the viruses scarier than Ebola.

lyssavirus rabies minion

The virus that looks like Kevin, the tall minion. Image from imgimages.tk

In more than 99% of human cases, rabies is transmitted by domestic dogs. However, it can infect other animals such as bats, monkeys, rats, cows, horses, and even cats.

Here’s how the virus travels in the host, starting from the bite infection:

dug up chart rabies infection. Image from Disney Wiki.

CILISOS is in no way implying Dug has rabies. Image from Disney Wiki

It spreads to humans when they come in contact with the infected animal’s saliva – from bites, scratches or licks at an opening…even the eyes, nose and mouth! It rarely spreads human-to-human, though there’ve been cases recorded through transplant surgery!

2 types of the disease can develop. Both are polar opposites, though equally scary and zombie-like:

zombie furious and paralytic rabies symptoms

For additional freaky facts, click to read up.

Rabies causes about 26,000-55,000 deaths worldwide per year – 95% deaths occur in Asia and Africa.

It has NO diagnosis. It can only be diagnosed once the victim has developed the disease and shows symptoms. By then too late aldy coz…

There’s NO CURE and survival is rare. Death will most certainly be the outcome. The only thing you can do is to prevent it by vaccine. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention US, LESS than 10 cases of human survival have ever been recorded in the history of the disease.

In 2004, there was 1 case where a teenaged girl survived after doctors administered an experimental treatment on her called the ‘Milwaukee protocol’. Doctors have tried it 26 times since her case…to no avail.

However, the moment after a person is bitten, there is a window opportunity to prevent rabies. That would be to get vaccine jabs IMMEDIATELY. The aim is to stop it from entering the nervous system. A doctor from India said in the case of rabies, it is better to overtreat than undertreat.

We found this video documenting what happens to a patient with rabies.

Viewer discretion is advised. Death is depicted. Also, this CILISOS article might get a wee bit more serious beyond this point.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EZbrNN9KeUI&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DEZbrNN9KeUI&has_verified=1

Well, we hope the graphics kept you awake during that Biology lesson. But the main thing is, the severity of rabies is indisputable. It’s not kutu. It can KILL.

Knowing this now, what is the BEST way to control this situation for the good of the rakyat?

 

1. Kill ALL the dogs

Well, we thought we’d get the most serious one out of the way first. Do know that with 80% of CILISOS staff as dog owners, we don’t take this point lightly. Oh, and before you start protesting, the animal lovers kinda already beat you to it.

NGOs protest stray dog culling Penang Image from The Malaysian Insider

Animal lovers and NGOs protesting in Esplanade, Penang. Image from The Malaysian Insider

Actually people have split into 2 camps, some for, some against. Here’s the animal lovers’ side of the story – a number of animal NGOs have mobilised themselves into a group called Stop Killing, Start Vaccinating. They’ve not only held protests, they’ve also submitted a memorandum to the Penang state government to stop the culling. (BTW, here’s an article from BBC explaining what culling is about and why it’s done.)

NGOs argue that culling can have a reverse effect and speed up the spread of the disease:

“Dogs have territories, and when threatened by catchers, they run into other territories. This will cause dogs to be aggressive when they come into contact with dogs not from their pack. This causes the spread of rabies.” – Lim Li Lian, committee member of Stop Killing, Start Vaccinating, TMI

It would also be interesting to note that, there have only been reports of protests in happening in Penang so far, not Perlis or Kedah. Incidentally, Penang is an island…how da heck did rabies get across?? Hmm, maybe bats.

Anyways, more than 900 dogs have been culled in all 3 states, and counting. In tackling the issue, it looks like the governments mean serious business and they’ve swung into action with super efficiency, deploying 200 Vet Dept personnels to do the deed.

taking a stray dog off the streets culling rabies. Image from The Star

It’s a dirty job, but someone’s gotta do it. Image from The Star

As for the authorities’ side of the story, Lim Guan Eng and other states are not backing down on the culling order.

“The professionals managed to convince me, so that was why I signed the order. I cannot put the lives of 1.6 million people at risk.” – Lim Guan Eng

At least something the Penang Director of the Vet Dept said put our minds at ease. They use tranquilisers on the dogs before putting them to sleep by injection. “The first shot sedates the canine. The second shot goes in 10 minutes later when the dog is thoroughly tranquilised. Death takes place in less than a minute. It is painless,” veterinarian K. Pavabakaran explained.

NAH, BACA:
Tun M is changing our public transport in BIG ways. How's it compare to Najib's plan?

Sad as it is for of us to watch, at least it’s better than how Kabul deals with rabies. Or the Middle Ages

rabies middle ages wikipedia

Rabies has been recognised for 4,000 years!! Image from Wikipedia

But perhaps there are better alternatives….

 

2. Kill ALL the humans

bad pun siberian husky just kidding

Created on memegenerator.net

Actually, there’s an argument for this, but ya… we think this one would make Guan Eng even more unpopular 😛

 

3. VACCINATE all dogs

dog vet vaccination. Image from canineconnect.com.au.

Be a responsible pet owner and vaccinate your doggies. Image from canineconnect.com.au

Ideally, vaccinating all stray dogs would be a great option! That’s what NGOs are advocating, coz World Health Organization (WHO) supports mass vaccination too. However, WHO did highlight the difficulties – it would require exhaustive work, like educating people, intersectoral cooperation, community participation, etc. The question is, does the state government have the resources to carry out such a measure? Is the community also willing to pitch in and help? At least Penang offered vaccination and registration licences at RM45. Kill 2 birds with 1 stone mah. Kedah offered for FREE! So owners have been flocking to clinics to get their pets jabbed.

But the problem now are the strays. The Vet Dept has vaccinated 2,286 dogs as of Sunday. In Perlis, a total of 465 dogs have been vaccinated, Kedah 1,648 and Penang 173. Then in the midst of developments, 2 international NGOs Mission Rabies and Worldwide Veterinary Services have stepped up to settle the strays with 50,000 free rabies shots. Out of those tho, samples from 40 dogs had shown signs of rabies. 

Malay Mail Online reported that Guan Eng asked those NGOs to convince the Vet Dept and the Health Ministry first. Are the authorities are taking the ‘lazy’ way out? Well, we can’t put words into their mouths, but we can understand that logically, culling would be the fastest and surest way, coz every minute that a rabid dog is out on the streets, it is potentially increasing the risk of someone getting bitten.

And last we checked, 59 people have ALREADY BEEN BITTEN (Perlis – 27, Kedah – 12 and Penang – 20)! Considering the almost 100% fatality rate, we reckon this is not something to be taken lightly.

 

4. Vaccinate all the humans

Woi in all that concern for the doggies, let’s not forget the homo sapiens.

doctor vaccinate injection jab child. Image from healthworks.my.

Image from healthworks.my

Penang Health Committee Chairman Dr. Afif Bahardin advised especially those with closer contact to animals, like shelter workers, to get jabs. OMG the price to vaccinate hoomans is so much more EXPENSIVE. Each person will need 3 jabs which would cost RM1,500 total. This one not available in gomen hospitals.

If you’re a parent, you bring your babies to the hospital to get their shots. If not also you’ll prolly remember getting BCG jab when you were Standard 6. Does anyone remember getting jabbed for rabies? Nope. That’s coz rabies vaccine is NOT one of the mandatory injections in Malaysia. But as you know, vaccines only work as prevention, not cure. If you terkena infected already, it’s too late to vaccinate.

 

Bottom line is, this one VERY hard to say who’s right or wrong

We can all agree that once a human gets infected, that’s it already (they don’t call it the ‘mad dog disease’ for no reason). Based on that alone, we should take this disease more seriously. At the same time, we understand the heartbreak animal lovers must be going through.

[interaction id=”5601441dc70ac51c0377eb97″]

How about how other countries deal with rabies?

 

So what else can we do?

At the end of the day, the best solution is always prevention. The countries with the highest incidences of rabies are also the countries with the highest number of stray dogs.… which is why we should…

spay and neuter pets. Image from Borneo Post Online

(We also thot it was a sex-ed campaign.) Image from Borneo Post Online

… SPAY and NEUTER.

If you REALLY want to prevent culling of dogs, then you might also want to consider adopting a stray? PAWS and SPCA are always looking for donations – for adoptions and spaying. Please click here to donate.

But here’s the shocker. Even THEY can’t keep up with the number of dogs being brought to them so THEY ALSO HAVE TO CULL DOGS on a regular basis. It’s already happening regardless of whether rabies is around or not – and caring deeply or complaining on Facebook won’t really help.

We feel sad that the dogs are being put to sleep, we do. But as the symptoms can take a while to surface in animals – less than 1 week to 1 year – it’s surely not something the authorities wanna take a gamble on, while strays prowl the streets, right? The state authorities are just trying to do what’s best for the people, and in that process, it’s impossible to please everyone. As Guan Eng said:

“The people can criticise all they want on the issue. But when something bad happens or people die, the one answerable is the state government, not the NGOs.” – Guan Eng on FMT

14 Comments

  1. Wei Jen

    26/09/2015 at 10:07 am

    Hi,

    I suggest that you get your facts right if you want to write such a long post and there were so many shares to your post.

    ‘It spreads to humans when they come in contact with the infected animal’s saliva’

    This statement is incomplete, it will cause unnecessary panic. The correct statement is:
    Human beings can get rabies if an infected animal bites, licks or scratches them. In fact, someone can get the disease if the saliva from an infected animal gets into their body through any opening. If you get the saliva in your eyes, for example, it can give you rabies.

    This info is sourced from Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC). I strongly recommend that you get certified as a Rabies Educator at rabiesalliance.org by taking an 1hour study and assessment. I am a certified rabies educator myself. We need to spread the right information to the public. Thank you.

    • New Jo-Lyn

      28/09/2015 at 11:36 am

      Hi Wei Jen, thanks for sharing the link with us. Very cool that GARC offers certification as a rabies educator.

      Sorry if you didn’t find us clear the first time round. We linked it off to more info from World Health Organization on that particular statement (about coming into contact with an infected animal’s saliva). Besides WHO, some of our research came from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) too.

      Anyways, we’ve elaborated on that statement, making sure to say bites, scratches or licks through ANY OPENING, to clear up the confusion. Just in case people think that saliva itself on unbroken skin is exposure.

      Thanks again!

  2. n305er

    23/09/2015 at 3:19 pm

    I think there has already been some effort in introducing the spay and neuter method to control the population of strays in Malaysia. The argument is simply because it’s more humane then to capture and kill them.

    But that doesn’t solve the issue on how to properly identify and eliminate infected ones.

    Culling the dogs is also very cruel to those dogs which are just simply minding their own business not being infected, not bothering anyone else except just trying to survive.

    Vaccinating all the dogs is also obviously impossible due to cost and the supply.

    But if it was to be me, I’d draw some borders within the state itself. Maybe split to 3 parts and get some statistical results over the period of 2 or 3 weeks. Where in one part of the border will be using culling method, one use mass vaccination, and another will probably use alternative community powered method “volunteers”.

    Then the best method could be implemented or the methods can be switched around the borders depending on the results or supply to control.

    Example:
    Area A – Culling
    Area B – Vaccine
    Area C – selective control

    If Area B is most effective, then Area A and C will adopt the method.
    If Vaccine is not enough in supply, Switch Vaccine method to least effective Area (example, Area C) then replace Area B with second most effective method temporary.

    This is simple science. Control. Just because we all have emotions, doesn’t mean the right thing must not be done.

    The need of the many outweighs the need of the few.

    • New Jo-Lyn

      24/09/2015 at 5:12 pm

      Agreed with your last statement. If we could spay and neuter strays their population would have been controlled in the first place and it may not have been so easy for rabies to spread. Now that it has already happened… I guess the authorities are doing what they believe is safest for people.

  3. MusaNg

    23/09/2015 at 1:04 pm

    New Jo-Lyn,

    There was no option in your survey for “Kill all stray dogs”.

    I am adamant that stray animals, whether cats or dogs or goldfish, should be destroyed.

    Cruel? Maybe.

    But I feel it is more cruel to let a stray animal suffer a life of misery eating food scraps, wracked by disease and illness, etc.

    • New Jo-Lyn

      23/09/2015 at 2:46 pm

      Hi Musa, well for point 1 we meant strays la. Takkan kill pets with owners.

      Dunno la, true strays don’t have an easy life, but this is very sensitive and not everyone can accept killing them. Sad, coz it’s not like people are queueing up to offer to take them in.

      But good thing for the kindness of some people like Pak Mie and his wife. Pak Mie has since passed away, but his wife still looks after the dogs. Here’s an article: http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/sheltering-more-than-600-dogs-mak-intan-ready-to-deal-with-rabies

    • MusaNg

      23/09/2015 at 10:18 pm

      Hiya New Jo-lyn,

      OK, I did think you meant strays but then I just wasn’t sure – this is Malaysia we are talking about and anything is possible, ok? Maybe even kill the owners along with their pets!!

      Killing strays is a very sensitive issue? Some Malaysians are a very sensitive bunch, aren’t they?

      Strange that they are not so sensitive to stupid politicians, racism, intolerance, corruption, abuse of power, filth in the streets, poor education, poverty in the streets of our cities, etc etc.

      Yeah, I know of people like Pak Mie and his wife. There are not enough of them in this world.

  4. Take Two

    23/09/2015 at 4:17 am

    I can’t make up my mind which option is the best solution for preventing rabies from spreading. Kill all the dogs as in Penang or do you mean the dogs in the entire world? Assuming you mean Penang even they manage to kill all the stray dogs in the state for now. People will continue to dump their dog in the street and the cycle continue. Kill all the humans? Is that even possible? LOL! Vaccinate all dogs? It’s going to cost alot of money…Tax payers is not going to be happy about that and can we be sure we can vaccinate all the stray dogs in the state? Vaccinate all the humans. Now, This is even more costlier than the previous method. The most effective method i believe is to educate current and future dog owner the responsibility of having a pet dog. Please do not dump your pet in the street when they became uncute and old.

    • New Jo-Lyn

      23/09/2015 at 11:55 am

      Take Two, THANK YOU! That’s absolutely good reasoning. If some people could stop throwing their pets or their litters out in the streets, that would be great. But meanwhile, strays also come from other strays and if no one takes them in anyway it’s just as sad. Animal NGOs don’t have the capacity to take care of them all. Sigh. Spaying and neutering is the best thing we can think of, but need funds for that.

    • Take Two

      30/09/2015 at 4:37 am

      I do support the idea of neutering. Dog lover can also choose to adopt from animal shelter instead of buying from pets shop. This way we can lower the number of stray dogs in the street.

    • Simon Chen

      24/09/2015 at 10:46 am

      For now, culling is prefered option since this is about the risk of stray dogs having rabies instead of pet dogs.
      I agree that it is the responsibility of pet owners. As for strays, I don’t a whole army trained volunteers ever existed to deal with strays.
      Also, you read Cilisos too? Always see you in TMI!

    • Take Two

      30/09/2015 at 4:28 am

      TMI have alot of unreasonable censorship. C4, Mongolian, scorpene, kangkung and sometime even the ayam RM1 get censored. Putting people off from commenting. Cilisos article kinda good. They always write an article in a neutral standpoint and they actually did their homework instead of just writing blank.

    • Simon Chen

      30/09/2015 at 5:36 am

      The moderating doesn’t seemed consistent.

    • Simon Chen

      30/09/2015 at 6:29 am

      You and me, bro. Recently mine was deleted in an argument with a pro-China guy when I include a link to an article to back up my points, twice! Yes, it is critical Communist China.

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